Ending Child Marriage in the United Kingdom
This week Pauline Latham, a Conservative member of the UK parliament, introduced a bill to ban marriage before the age of 18 in England and Wales. Others from across the political spectrum support the bill, including the former International Development Secretary Priti Patel, the chair of the International Development Committee Steven Twigg, and Sarah Champion, a former shadow Equalities Minister.
This effort is long overdue. While the minimum age of marriage is 18 in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, children aged 16 and 17 can marry with their parentsâ permission. In Scotland, the minimum age of marriage is 16, with no parental permission required.
In allowing some children to marry the UK is out of step with the international standards it claims to support. The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child supports a global minimum of 18 years for marriage, without exceptions. It made a clear recommendation in 2016 that the UK raises the minimum age of marriage to 18, across its entire territory including its overseas territories.
Why? Because child marriage is deeply harmful. Child marriage deprives girls of education, exposes them and their babies to serious health risks from early pregnancy, sinks their families deeper into poverty, and raises the risk that they will face domestic violence. Under the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), countries around the world, including the U K, pledged to end all marriage before age 18 by 2030. They have their work cut out: around the world today, a girl under 18 marries every two seconds.
In 2014, the UK government hosted the high-profile Girl Summit, designed to boostâ"and pledging UK leadership forâ"global efforts to end child marriage and female genital mutilation. But in the years since, the UK government not only failed to ban child marriage at homeâ"it actually blocked an earlier effort to do so.
Hypocrisy has consequences. In 2017 Bangladesh re-legalized child marriage, and government officials there repeatedly cited the fact that child marriage is legal in the UK as justification for doing so. Other countries failing to effectively enforce bans on child marriage have also cited the UK law to defend themselves. When key donors like the UK ignore their own problem at home, the SDG goal seems impossible.
Lathamâs bill is a Private Members Bill, meaning it stands little chance of being pas sed unless the government adopts it as its own. The government should do so, and the authorities in Scotland and Northern Ireland should pass similar legislation. Itâs time for Theresa May and her government to recognize that girls around the world need the UK to practice what it preaches.Source: Google News United Kingdom | Netizen 24 United Kingdom